Expression Of Interest Provision Of The Redesigning and Revamping the Petty Offences Website

Expression Of Interest Provision Of The Redesigning and Revamping the Petty Offences Website

Expression Of Interest Provision Of The Redesigning and Revamping the Petty Offences Website

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Final TOR for Redesigning and Revamping the Petty Offences Website-revised.pdf

Petty offences are generally understood as minor criminal acts which attract a low value fine or short term imprisonment for the failure to pay the fine. In some jurisdictions, the term petty offences is used interchangeably with the terms, minor offences, misdemeanours, summary offences or regulatory offences, while in other jurisdictions, these terms have been distinguished from each other. Petty offences trace their origin from English laws that were designed to, among other things, force people to work, restrict the movement of potential labourers, curtail criminal activity, punish idleness, and enable law enforcement agents to make arrests without proof of actual commission of offences. These petty offences are currently entrenched in national legislation.Some of the offences punished include bathing and washing in public, sleeping in public, hawking , idleness, begging, loitering, drunkenness, disorderliness, prostitution, indecent exposure. The enforcement of laws that provide for petty offences often target specific groups who are poor and marginalised. Further, mass arrests especially of street families, low-income people, minority groups and refugees, are common especially after terror incidences1 or before high profile public events. Such arrests are carried out as part of a strategy to clear streets of unsightly people. Groups such as sex workers, street vendors or hawkers, public service vehicle touts, street families, LGBT community, persons who use drugs, human rights defenders, are also regular victims of such practices which may also include being placed under surveillance, harassment, threats and intimidation, even while in custody.2 In addition, LGBT community is vulnerable to profiling, discrimination, blackmail, rape, forced medical examination and ‘treatment’.3 2

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